Research regarding the origins of CD suggests that environmental and biological risk factors are primarily mediated through parenting and peer environments. Intervention research confirms the importance of promoting family management, attending to peer dynamics, and addressing self-regulation to reduce problem behavior in youth with CD.
Successful interventions are those that are flexible in delivery, promote a collaborative process with related individuals, and involve proactive behavior management. The prevalence of conduct disorder within a family can profoundly affect individual and collective functioning and initiate a cycle of frustration, negativity, and escalating behavior problems. It is important to engage families in processes that will mitigate the development of CD symptoms and promote positive and sustainable change in both parent and child behavior.
See also: ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD); CHILD ABUSE: PHYSICAL ABUSE AND NEGLECT; CHILD ABUSE: PSYCHOLOGICAL MALTREATMENT; CHILD ABUSE: SEXUAL ABUSE; CHILDHOOD, STAGES OF: ADOLESCENCE; CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICS; DEPRESSION: CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS; DEVELOPMENT: MORAL; DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; DISCIPLINE; DIVORCE: EFFECTS ON CHILDREN; FAMILY DIAGNOSIS/DSM-IV; INTERPARENTAL CONFLICT—EFFECTS ON CHILDREN; INTERPARENTAL VIOLENCE—EFFECTS ON CHILDREN; JUVENILE DELINQUENCY; OPPOSITIONALITY; PARENTING EDUCATION; PARENTING STYLES; PEER INFLUENCE; RUNAWAY YOUTHS; SPANKING; SUBSTANCE ABUSE; SUBSTITUTE CAREGIVERS; TEMPERAMENT
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BERNADETTE MARIE BULLOCK
THOMAS J. DISHION