Health and Families
The Impact Of Marriage And Children On Adults' Health Behaviors , The Impact Of Family On Children's Health BehaviorsConclusion
A growing body of research has shown that family plays an important role, if not the most important role (Doherty 1993), in shaping our health attitudes and behaviors. This is important because positive health behaviors have been shown to significantly affect physical and mental health (Grzywacz and Marks 1999).
Prior to understanding the role the family plays in the adoption of health attitudes and beliefs, it is important to identify what health is. The World Health Organization (1986) defines health as
. . . the extent to which an individual or group is able, on the one hand, to realise aspirations and satisfy needs; and, on the other hand, to change or cope with the environment. Health is, therefore, seen as a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living; it is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities. (p. 73)
The family is the basic social context in which health behaviors are learned and performed (Ford-Gilboe 1997). Research in several different countries has found that families directly or indirectly influence one's mental health, physical health, drug use (including cigarettes and alcohol), diet, exercise (including participation in sports), dental hygiene habits, and sexual risk-taking behavior. This influence lasts a lifetime.
See also: ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS); ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE; CAREGIVING: INFORMAL; CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICS; CHRONIC ILLNESS; DEATH AND DYING; DECISION MAKING; DEMENTIA; DEPRESSION: ADULTS; DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES; DISABILITIES; EATING DISORDERS; FAMILY AND RELATIONAL RULES; GRIEF, LOSS, AND BEREAVEMENT; HOMELESS FAMILIES; HOSPICE; RELIGION; SINGLE-PARENT FAMILIES; SCHIZOPHRENIA; STRESS; SUBSTANCE ABUSE; WIDOWHOOD
Alberts, J. K.; Miller-Rassulo, M. A.; and Hecht, M. L. (1991). "A Typology of Drug Resistance Strategies." Journal of Applied Communication Research 19:129–151.
Burman, B., and Margolin, G. (1989). "Marriage and Health." Advances 6(4):51–58.
Connell, C. M. (1994). "Impact of Spouse Caregiving on Health Behaviors and Physical and Mental Health Status." American Journal of Alzheimer's Care and Related Disorders and Research 9:26–36.
Coombs, R. H.; Paulson, M. J.; and Richardson, M. A. (1991). "Peer vs. Parental Influence in Substance Use Among Hispanic and Anglo Children and Adolescents." Journal of Youth and Adolescence 20:73–88.
Coppotelli, H. C., and Orleans, C. T. (1985). "Partner Support and Other Determinants of Smoking Cessation Maintenance Among Women." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 53:455–460.
Doherty, W. J. (1993). "Health and Family Interaction: What We Know." Family Health: From Data to Policy, ed. G. Hendershot and F. LeClere. Minneapolis, MN: National Council on Family Relations.
Fiscella, K., and Campbell, T. L. (1999). "Association of Perceived Family Criticism with Health Behaviors." Journal of Family Practice 48:128–134.
Fischmann-Havstad, L., and Marston, A. R. (1984). "Weight Loss Maintenance as an Aspect of Family Emotion and Process." British Journal of Clinical Psychology 23:265–271.
Ford-Gilboe, M. (1997). "Family Strengths, Motivation, and Resources as Predictors of Health Promotion Behavior in Single-Parent and Two-Parent Families." Research in Nursing and Health 20:205–217.
Franks, P.; Campbell, T. L.; and Shields, C. G. (1992). "Social Relationships and Health: The Relative Roles of Family Functioning and Social Support." Social Science and Medicine 34:779–788.
Grzywacz, J., and Marks, N. F. (1999). "Family Solidarity and Health Behaviors: Evidence from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States." Journal of Family Issues 20:243–268.
Hecht, M.; Trost, M. R.; Bator, R. J.; and MacKinnon, D. (1997). "Ethnicity and Sex Similarities and Differences in Drug Resistance." Journal of Applied Communication Research 25:1–23.
Hermanns, J.; Florin, I.; Dietrich, M.; and Rieger, C. (1989). "Maternal Criticism, Mother-Child Interaction, and Bronchial Asthma." Journal of Psychosomatic Research 33:469–476.
Hunter, S. M.; Baugh, J. G.; Webber, L. S.; Sklov, M. C.; and Berenson, G. S. (1982). "Social Learning Effects on Trial and Adoption of Cigarette Smoking in Children: The Boglusa Heart Study." Preventative Medicine 11:29–42.
Koenigsberg, H. W; Klausner, E.; Pelino, D.; and Rosnick, P. (1993). "Expressed Emotion and Glucose Control in Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus." American Journal of Psychiatry 150:1,114–1,115.
Koepke, D.; Flay, B. R.; and Johnson, C. A. (1990). "Healthy Behaviors in Minority Families: The Case of Cigarette Smoking." Family Community Health 13(1):35–43.
Levenson, R. W., and Gottman, J. M. (1983). "Marital Interaction: Psychological Linkage and Affective Exchange." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 45:587–597.
Marston, A. R.; Jacobs, D. F.; Singer, R. D.; Widaman, K. F.; and Little, T. D. (1988). "Adolescents Who Apparently are Invulnerable to Drug, Alcohol, and Nicotine Use." Adolescence 91:593–598.
Orford, J.; Oppenheimer, E.; Egert, S.; and Hensman, C. (1977). "The Role of Excessive Drinking in Alcoholism Complicated Marriages: A Study of Stability and Change Over a One-Year Period." International Journal of Addictions 12:471–495.
Resnick, M. D.; Bearman, P. S.; Blum, R. W.; Bauman, K. E.; Harris, K. M.; Jones, J.; Tabor, J.; Beuhring, T.; Sieving, R. E.; Shew, M.; Ireland, M.; Bearinger, L. H.; and Udry, J. R. (1997). "Protecting Adolescents from Harm: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health." Journal of the American Medical Association 278:823–832.
Robertson, A., and Minkler, M. (1994). "New Health Promotion Movement: A Critical Examination." Health Education Quarterly (Fall):295–312.
Trost, M. R.; Langan, E. J.; and Kellar-Guenther, Y. (1999). "Not Everyone Listens When You 'Just Say No': Drug Resistance in Relational Context." Journal of Applied Communication Research 27(2):120–138.
Umberson, D. (1987). "Family Status and Health Behaviors: Social Control as a Dimension of Social Integration." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 28:306–319.
Umberson, D. (1992). "Gender, Marital Status and Social Control of Health Behavior." Social Science and Medicine 38:907–917.
Verbrugge, L. M. (1979). "Marital Status and Health." Journal of Marriage and the Family 41:267–285.
Wold, B., and Anderssen, N. (1992). "Health Promotion Aspects of Family and Peer Influences on Sport Participation" International Journal of Sport Psychology 23:343–359.
World Health Organization (1986). "World Health Organization: A Discussion Document on the Concept and Principles of Health Promotion." Health Promotion 1:73–78.
- Play - Gender Differences In Play, Cultural Differences In Play - Conclusion
- Children's Rights - Historical Roots Of The Children's Rights Movement, Universal Standards On The Rights Of Children
- Health and Families - The Impact Of Marriage And Children On Adults' Health Behaviors
- Health and Families - The Impact Of Family On Children's Health Behaviors
- Health and Families - The Impact Of Family On Other Family Members' Health Behaviors
- Other Free Encyclopedias