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Division of Labor - Historical Trends, Contemporary Divisions Of Labor

gender family women activities require home


Families provide love and support to adults and children, but homes are also workplaces, and households are important parts of the larger economy. Even when families do not directly produce or market goods and services, they keep the economy running by supporting and maintaining adult workers, buying and consuming products, and reproducing the workforce by having babies and socializing children. These domestic activities require labor. The total amount of time and effort put into feeding, clothing, and caring for family members rivals that spent in all other forms of work.

Every home is a combination of hotel, restaurant, laundry, and often childcare and entertainment center. The mundane work that goes into these activities is usually invisible to the people who benefit from it, especially children and husbands, who are the equivalent of nonpaying customers. Cleaning and cooking obviously require work, but even fun activities like parties or holiday gatherings require planning, preparation, service, clean-up, and other behind-the-scenes effort. Women perform most of this family labor, even though men do the same sorts of things outside the home for pay as chefs, waiters, or janitors. Although people tend to think of domestic activities as "naturally" being women's work, there is enormous variation in who does what both inside and outside the home. Every society has restrictions on what kinds of work men and women do, but there is no global content to these roles, and studies show that divisions of labor are influenced by specific environmental and social conditions. Activities often associated with women, such as nurturance, domestic chores, and childcare, are sometimes performed by men, and activities often associated with men, such as warfare, hunting, and politics, are sometimes performed by women. Thus, although gender is often used to divide labor, there is no universal set of tasks that can be defined as "women's work" or "men's work."


Friendship - Definition And Characteristics, Benefits Of Friendship, Voluntariness And Contextual Factors In Friendship, Friendships Throughout Childhood [next] [back] Role Theory - Roles As Structure, Roles As Interaction, Accumulating And Changing Roles

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almost 2 years ago

My name is Tranelle Leon. I am from USA i am here to spread the entire work of a real spell caster called Dr Abu who just helped me to retrieve back my union with my husband and make our relationship very stronger and brought joy and happiness into our marriage. I have been scammed by a lot of fake spell casters but i was later introduced to Dr. Abu by a friend named Tammy smith to this great man who help her to restore her relationship back with his husband.He also help me and wipe away my tears. So viewers of this wonderful testimony who wants to contact him via email oruentempleofpowers@gmail.com

1. GETTING YOUR EX LOVER BACK.
2. DIVORCE SPELL.
3. WINNING LOTTERIES.
4. BREAKING OF GENERATION COURSE.
5. GETTING OF JOB.
6. CHILD BEARING.
7. MONEY SPELL.
8. CURING OF HIV AND MANY MORE.
9. HERBAL CARE.
10. BEAUTY SPELL.
11. BUSINESS CHARMS TO ENQUIRE MORE CUSTOMERS AND LOT'S MORE..

So brothers and sisters i have tested this man DR. Abu and i have found that he is real and genuine. i am now the happiest woman on earth today, Contact his via email id and be joyful in your life.(oruentempleofpowers@gmail.com
Tel:+2348059092407).
More gratitude and thanks to you again the great DOCTOR ABU

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4 months ago

We are broker firm in London-UK, we have direct Provider of BG/SBLC specifically for Lease, The provider is tested and trusted. We have been dealing with the company for the past 6years. Interested Agent/Lessee should contact us for directives.If you have need for corporate loans, international project funding, etc. or if you have a client who requires funding for his project or business we have all available.

For further details contact us with the below information....

Contact : Mr. SIVAJOTHI GNANATHEEVAM
Email: leasingmandate@gmail.com
Skype ID: leasingmandate

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10 months ago

Dear Sir,

We are direct providers of Fresh Cut BG, SBLC and MTN which are specifically for lease/purchase, our bank instrument can be engage in PPP Trading, Discounting, signature project(s) such as Aviation, Agriculture, Petroleum, Telecommunication, construction of Dams, Bridges, Real Estate and all kind of projects. We do not have any broker chain in our offer or get involved in chauffeur driven offers.

We deliver with time and precision as sethforth in the agreement. Our terms and Conditions are reasonable, below is our instrument description.

The procedure is very simple; the instrument will be reserved on euro clear to be verified by your bank, after verification an arrangement will be made for necessary bank documents and stock testing expenses, the cost of the Bank Guarantee will be paid after the delivery of the MT760,
Description OF INSTRUMENTS:

1. Instrument: Bank Guarantee (BG/SBLC)
2. Total Face Value: Eur/USD 5M MIN and Eur/USD 10B MAX (Ten Billion EURO/USD).
3. Issuing Bank: HSBC Bank London, Credit Suisse and Deutsche Bank Frankfurt.
4. Age: One Year, One Month
5. Leasing Price: 6% of Face Value plus 2% commission fees to brokers.
6. Delivery: Bank to Bank swift.
7. Payment: MT-103 or MT760
8. Hard Copy: Bonded Courier within 7 banking days.

We are ready to close leasing/purchasing with any interested client in few banking days, if interested do not hesitate to contact me.(WE MOVE FIRST)

Regards
Robert Francis
Skype :robfrancis7

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11 months ago

We specialized in Bank Guarantee {BG}, Standby Letter of Credit {SBLC}, Medium Term Notes {MTN}, Confirmable Bank Draft {CBD} as well as other financial instruments issued from AAA Rated bank such as HSBC Bank Hong Kong, HSBC Bank London, Deutsche Bank AG Frankfurt, Barclays Bank , Standard Chartered Bank and others on lease at the lowest available rates depending on the face value of the instrument needed.

We deliver with time and precision as sethforth in the agreement. Our terms and Conditions are reasonable, below is our instrument description.

The procedure is very simple; the instrument will be reserved on euro clear to be verified by your bank, after verification an arrangement will be made for necessary bank documents and stock testing expenses, the cost of the Bank Guarantee will be paid after the delivery of the MT760.

DESCRIPTION OF INSTRUMENT:
Instrument: Bank Guarantee (BG/SBLC).
Total Face Value: Minimum of 1M Eur/USD (One Million Eur/USD) to Maximum of 5B Euro/USD(Five Billion Eur/USD).
Issuing Bank: HSBC London, Barclays Bank, Deutsche Bank Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Any AA rated Bank in Europe or any Top 25 WEB.
Age: One Year, One Day
Leasing Price: 4% of Face Value plus 1% commission fees to brokers.
Delivery: Bank to Bank SWIFT.
Payment: MT-760.
Hard Copy: Bonded Courier within 7 banking days.

All relevant business information will be provided upon request plus our terms and
procedures.

Name : Speeckaert Bernard.
E-mail : speeckaert.bernard@bevanloaninterestpurchaserplc.com
Skype id : speeckbern47

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about 1 year ago

Be careful here. Nobody can help you here or even suggest how you can get financial help. most answer of a loan lender here, you MUST ignore,because they are SCAMS…real SCAMS…i was a victim of which i was ripped thousands of dollars…well thank God for a Christian sister who referred me to a loan organization formed by some Christian Women Trust Fund. it is called Christian women Trust-funds Cooperative
Organization(C.W.T.C.O)christianwomen.loanfirm2016@financier.com They made my life a valuable one and gave it a meaning. When the sister gave me their contact, I contacted them. Then I requested for a loan with all the necessary evidence to prove that I actually needed a loan, they approved a loan of $250,000.00 USD in 48 hours after meeting up to their necessary requirements, my loan was deposited in my bank account without collateral. Though i was very nervous with the loan organization at first due to my previous bad experiences, especially when the issue of me settling the Registration charges came up, I hold on to my faith due to the fact that my relative referred me, got it cleared,and as God should have it, little did I know that my financial shortcomings has come to a final end. If not for that quick referral from a christian sister to this genuine source ,I would have regretted my total life,because at that point in time i just divorced the father of my son, and my son (Kennett) was faced with a life and death situation. I was faced with his hospital bills and i was also faced with foreclosure at my apartment. Details of this GOD-SENT organization won’t be disclose for now for fear of impersonation ( because it has been discovered that some persons are not really in need of financial help, but they just want to collect money from this genuine christian loan organization). And it is because of this reason they don,t give out loan anyhow. You must be able to convince them very well, and provide good proofs to show that you really need a loan before they can approve it for you. Their charge is very affordable and reliable compare to many out there,their interest rates is just 4%, from 1-10years repayment little documentation,and little credit check. As i have earlier said, for security reasons i can only provide their email address. Embrace this new initiative.Feel free to contact them via Email as their loan officer/rep sir Perry smith will attend to you and you will be free from scams and financial burdens.
Contact Email...christianwomen.loanfirm2016@financier.com
Contact Phone.....+233237842361

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over 1 year ago

Get a Loan Today At 3% Interest Rate, contact us at:davidloans760@gmail.com

Welcome to DAVID JAMES Loan Company, This is a legit loan Company, formed to help individuals who are in need of financial crises and help them achieve their goals in life.

Available Loans we offer are,

1. Personal Loans (Secure and Unsecured)
2. Business Loans (Secure and Unsecured)
3. Combination Loan
4. Consolidation Loan And Many More:

Interested clients should please send request to our email for application form and terms. Try and see for your self, our wonderful services that does not exceed Working days for loan processing and just only (1)hour 35 minutes of loan Transfer.

EMAIL---[ davidloans760@gmail.com ]

Warm Regard

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over 1 year ago

Get a Loan Today At 3% Interest Rate, contact us at:davidloans760@gmail.com

Welcome to DAVID JAMES Loan Company, This is a legit loan Company, formed to help individuals who are in need of financial crises and help them achieve their goals in life.

Available Loans we offer are,

1. Personal Loans (Secure and Unsecured)
2. Business Loans (Secure and Unsecured)
3. Combination Loan
4. Consolidation Loan And Many More:

Interested clients should please send request to our email for application form and terms. Try and see for your self, our wonderful services that does not exceed Working days for loan processing and just only (1)hour 35 minutes of loan Transfer.

EMAIL---[ davidloans760@gmail.com ]

Warm Regard

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over 1 year ago

Dr. Happy, you are indeed a miracle worker.I have tried so many spell casters and psychic after my husband left me. Dr. Happy was the only spell caster who could help me..For sure this is really an Ultimate temple where you can get back your ex lover. Dr.Happy cast a love spell and my husband changed for good, he made him a better man and distanced all his secret lovers. I am happy to have a united family, it couldn’t be possible without the effort of Dr.Happy. My husband is back with full of love and sincerity. Make contact with Dr.Happy for relationship help and you will have your heart desired granted email him through his Email address: howtogetyourexback@hotmail.com Susan Luther from USA.

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over 1 year ago

God what a Gift from Dr happy, my name is Vicky Robinson . since 2 months I have witness what is called heart broken. my boyfriend that promised me marriage failed me and impregnate me and leave,he dump me,he stop calling" he stop picking my calls,and he no longer respond to me. I have be looking for solution,I fall into the hands of fake spell caster,they rough me off and took my money without help.I have cried,I have weep"and tears runs out of eyes. The silentness in my heart brought me to the deepest path of failure that I lost my job. Crying all day,because of my life was lonely. So thanks to happy that came into my life and brought me the greatest joy that was lost. I saw his mail while browsing and I contact and tell him what I am passing through with no doubt because what saw about him,was enough to believe. And I was given words of solution on what to do. I can't really help thinking about it I have tried to see what I can do, I manage to provide him some materials and he help me with the rest,after casting the spell, 2days after he came with rose on his hand and I was even about going out,i saw him in front of my door when he sees me he knee and said he is dying I should forgive him and accept him back he was crying,I can't wait to let him finish I quickly crab him and kiss him, just then" he said he is restless without me, just as the Dr has said he will be. He brought out a ring and put it on my hand. Our wedding day was scheduled,2week after we got married. today makes it 1 month and we are living happily I don't know how to praise him enough, he has done me a thing I can never forget. And I can't really share to myself alone, I want y'all to help me praise him because if it is wasn't for him I already plan of committing suicide. But right now I am now so happy more than I was before. And you out there crying for help you've already got one, Dr happy is the man that you need in all rampart. contact his address if you need his service, happylovespell2@gmail.com

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over 1 year ago

My name is Junia Noel, from UK !!! i am very grateful sharing this great testimonies with you, The best thing that has ever happened in my life is how i won a lottery. I am a man who believe that one day i will win a lottery.finally my dreams came through when i contacted Dr Iyaryi. and tell him i needed the lottery numbers. i have come a long way spending money on ticket just to make sure i win. But i never knew that winning was so easy until the day i meant the spell caster online which so many people have talked about that he is very great in casting lottery spell, so i decide to give it a trial .I contacted this man and he did a spell and he gave me the winning lottery numbers. But believe me when the draws came out i was among the lucky winners. i won (107,932,603,20) ONE HUNDRED AND SEVEN MILLION,NINE HUNDRED AND THIRTY TWO THOUSAND,SIX HUNDRED AND THREE POUNDS AND TWENTY PENCE . Dr Iyaryi truly you are the best, with this man you can will millions of money through lottery. i am so very happy to meet these man, i will forever be grateful to you. Email him for your own winning lottery numbers driayaryi2012@hotmail.com or call him +2348056932763.

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over 1 year ago

Be careful about love spell comments here I got scammed by three of them,I lost over $1570 until a friend direct me to Dr Amina who help me get back the father of my two kids after he left me for over 2 years.and now my ex is fully back and he love me and my kids like never before.if you need help with love spell then mama Amina is the solution to your problem she charge me only $135 and her love spell work like magic.she can be reach at (draminalovespell@gmail.com)

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over 1 year ago

Be careful about love spell comments here I got scammed by three of them,I lost over $1570 until a friend direct me to Dr Amina who help me get back the father of my two kids after he left me for over 2 years.and now my ex is fully back and he love me and my kids like never before.if you need help with love spell then mama Amina is the solution to your problem she charge me only $135 and her love spell work like magic.she can be reach at (draminalovespell@gmail.com)

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over 1 year ago

My life became devastated when my husband sent me packing, after 8 years that we have been together. I was lost and helpless after trying so many ways to make my husband take me back. One day at work, i was absent minded not knowing that my boss was calling me, so he sat and asked me what its was all about i told him and he smiled and said that it was not a problem. I never understand what he meant by it wasn't a problem getting my husband back, he said he used a spell to get his wife back when she left him for another man and now they are together till date and at first i was shocked hearing such thing from my boss. He gave me an email address of the great spell caster who helped him get his wife back, i never believed this would work but i had no choice that to get in contact with the spell caster which i did, and he requested for my information and that of my husband to enable him cast the spell and i sent him the details, but after two days, my mom called me that my husband came pleading that he wants me back, i never believed it because it was just like a dream and i had to rush down to my mothers place and to my greatest surprise, my husband was kneeling before me pleading for forgiveness that he wants me and the kid back home, then i gave Happy a call regarding sudden change of my husband and he made it clear to me that my husband will love me till the end of the world, that he will never leave my sight. Now me and my husband is back together again and has started doing pleasant things he hasn't done before, he makes me happy and do what he is suppose to do as a man without nagging. Please if you need help of any kind, kindly contact Happy for help and you can reach him via email: happylovespell2@gmail.com

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over 1 year ago

UNIVERSAL FUNDING GROUP!!!

Universal Funding Group is a Private Money Lender and an Investment Group that has multiple investors. We provide all kind of loans locally & internationally to individual and companies that are in need of financial support.

We offer loans at 3% interest rate annually without stress of securing the loan and for duration of 1-25 years on a monthly repayment bases. We partner with our clients to provide the necessary equity and financing capital to succeed.

Interested individual OR companies should contact us for more information or how to apply via

E-mail: { universalfundinggroupltd@gmail.com },

We await your responds! Thanks.

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almost 2 years ago

Good day everybody, This is my testimony on how i won $53,193,914 million pounds on Mega millions lottery. I want to use this opportunity to thank Dr Miracle, for casting winning spell for me to win the lottery of $53,193,194 million pounds,lottery ticket. I have been playing lotteries for the past 5 years now and i have never won any. Ever since then i have not been able to win any lotto and i was so upset and i needed help to win this mega million lottery. so i decided to go online and search for help, there i saw so many good testimony about this man called Dr Miracle,of how he has cast lucky spell lotto for people to win the lottery. I contacted him also and tell him i want to win the Mega millions lottery, he cast a spell for me which i use to play and won $53.193,914 million pounds in mega millions lottery. I am so grateful to this man, just in-case you also need him to help you win, you can contact him through his Email: (MIRACLESPELLHOME@YAHOO.COM , or ou can also contact him through his website "http://miraclespellhome.wix.com/dr-miracles, and he will surely help you just the way he has helped me. i will forever be grateful to him and always testify the good work of him to the hole world. contact him via Email: (MIRACLESPELLHOME@YAHOO.COM , or ou can also contact him through his website http://miraclespellhome.wix.com/dr-miracles, and he will surely help you to win any kind of lottery

Best Regard
Richard Angela

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almost 2 years ago

I am Hwa Jurong, a Private Money Lender do you need a loan to start up business or to pay your bills and a corporate financial for real estate and any kinds of business financing. I also offer Loans to individuals,Firms and corporate bodies at 2% interest rate. I give out loan to serious minded people that are interested of loan if interested contact this email: hwajurong382@yahoo.com or hwajurong12@gmail.com

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about 2 years ago

List of Packers and Movers that will surely solve your relocation problem
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about 2 years ago

Thanks for information The5th company top services for packing and moving services in India
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over 2 years ago


Am here to testify what this great spell caster done for me. i never believe in spell casting, until when i was was tempted to try it. i and my husband have been having a lot of problem living together, he will always not make me happy because he have fallen in love with another lady outside our relationship, i tried my best to make sure that my husband leave this woman but the more i talk to him the more he makes me fell sad, so my marriage is now leading to divorce because he no longer gives me attention. so with all this pain and agony, i decided to contact this spell caster to see if things can work out between me and my husband again. this spell caster who was a woman told me that my husband is really under a great spell that he have been charm by some magic, so she told me that she was going to make all things normal back. she did the spell on my husband and after 5 days my husband changed completely he even apologize with the way he treated me that he was not him self, i really thank this woman her name is Dr Aluta she have bring back my husband back to me i want you all to contact her who are having any problem related to marriage issue and relationship problem she will solve it for you. her email is traditionalspellhospital@gmail.com she is a woman and she is great. wish you good time.
He cast spells for different purposes like
(1) If you want your ex back.
(2) if you always have bad dream
(3) You want to be promoted in your office.
(4) You want women/men to run after you.
(5) If you want a child.
(6) You want to be rich.
(7) You want to tie your husband/wife to be yours forever.
(8) If you need financial assistance.
(9) HIV/AIDS CURE
(10) is the only answer to that your problem of winning the lottery

Contact him today on: traditionalspellhospital@gmail.com