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Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Bacterial Stds, Viral Stds, Another Important Std, Global Distribution And Epidemiology Of Stds, Conclusion

history million common medical world


The world continues to live with the ironic realization that the most intimate form of human relations, that of sexual interactions, carries the threat of serious disease. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), once known as venereal diseases, have menaced humankind since the dawn of recorded history. There are references to STDs in Egyptian papyri dating to 1550 BCE, and according to biblical scholars, there are similar references in the Old Testament (Holmes et al. 1999). STDs operate at the intersection of individual human behaviors, collective sociodemographic trends, and specific disease pathogens. They are diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi, and ectoparasites. In society and within the lives of families and individuals, STDs continue to inflict considerable suffering, trauma, serious medical conditions, and medical expense. They can often stigmatize the infectee; they also can cause death. Despite powerful treatments including newer antibiotics, better diagnostic tools using advanced technologies, extensive prevention programs, and increased international awareness, STDs remain among the most common reported diseases.

Tragically, they have a global reach that in many countries dwarfs the burden in the United States. The World Health Organization estimated that in 1999, among women and men aged fifteen to forty-nine years, there were approximately 340 million new cases of the most common, nonviral, sexually transmitted diseases that occurred throughout the world. They were syphilis (12 million), gonorrhea (62 million), chlamydia (92 million), and trichomoniasis (174 million). STDs most commonly affect people when they are between the ages of fifteen and forty-four, during their peak years of economic production (Ober and Piot 1993). This is of particular concern to developing countries.

For these four STDs and several others (there are more than twenty-five pathogens that can be transmitted by sexual intercourse), their spread in a population is a function of the average number of new cases caused by an infected person (often referred to as the force of infectivity). This number is the product of the efficiency of transmission of the STD, the average duration of infectiousness of the STD, and the mean number of different sexual partners per unit time (Anderson and May 1991). The use of numerical methods using this kind of methodology has allowed population- and country-specific estimates for incidence and prevalence of the most common STDs.

The three most common and threatening sequelae (i.e., after-effects) of STDs to infected individuals are impaired fertility for women, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and increased susceptibility to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). STDs cause acute illnesses, long-term suffering and disability, and infertility. Related psychological and medical consequences have an enormous global economic impact.

Since World War II, advances in epidemiology, disease surveillance, behavioral and social sciences, demographics, and medical science have greatly contributed to a better understanding of how STDs occur, are sustained, and shift into new populations in society; how they interact with each other; how several STDs can be successfully treated and cured (although many still cannot); and, importantly, how they and their most common sequelae can often be prevented. Despite these modern advances, STDs continue to imperil society, families and other loved ones, and individuals.

Although difficult to estimate (approximately 12 million infections from STDs occur annually in the United States), two-thirds of the infections from STDs occur among people less than twenty-five years of age (Noegel et al. 1993). Women and the poor suffer disproportionately, and it is estimated that one of every four people in the United States will have an STD in his or her lifetime. STDs are most commonly transmitted either from males to their female sex partners or from females to their male sex partners. Male to male transmission occurs often with some STDs, whereas female to female transmission occurs infrequently with nearly all STDs. Of the more than twenty-five known pathogens that are classified as causing STDs in humans, only the most important will be addressed here.


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Prevalence, Epidemiology, And Comorbidity, Etiology, Risk Indicators And Factors That Promote Resilience, Assessment And Treatment - Conclusion [next] [back] Chronic Illness - Sickness In Historical Context, The Rise Of Chronic Illness, Living With Chronic Illness, Family Caregiving

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over 10 years ago

well yes people get infected with such diseases if they dont take care of self! now little-like young ladies are sexually acting, they are like 11, 12,13, years of ages. that is such a surprising tactic. no te digo chicas! PEOPLE NEED TO BE MORE CAREFUL AND SUCH!!

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2 days ago

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7 days ago

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2 months ago

I was diagnosed of Genital Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) in 2015 and I have tried all possible means to get cured, i even visited Some Hospital where they gave me some drugs like Famvir, Zovirax and Valtrex which are very expensive but all to no avail, until i saw a post in a health forum about a herbal doctor from West Africa who prepare herbal medicine to cure all kind of diseases including Herpes Simplex Virus, at first i doubted if it was real but decided to give it a try, when i contact this herbal doctor via his email he sent me a herbal medicine through courier service, when i received this herbal medicine, he gave me step by instructions on how to apply it, when i applied it as instructed i was totally cured of this deadly disease within 12-14 days of usage, if you are suffering of this diseases you can as well Contact this great herbal doctor via his email; dronokunherbalcure@gmail.com or whatsapp no:+2349064844957

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3 months ago

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5 months ago

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6 months ago

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6 months ago

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Contact him today and get your problem solved.

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7 months ago

Hello everyone, i am here today on this forum giving a life testimony on how I was cured from HIV Virus
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7 months ago

Hello everyone, i am here today on this forum giving a life testimony on how I was cured from HIV Virus
while this may sound discouraging and people may not be-live that HIV CURE has be found,while i was once an HIV positive i live with this disease for more than years now, i have been to so many places for help including hospitals wasted money and times hoping that i was going to get cure but nor was able, until God use someone to cure me from this disease (HIV) true the help of a man called Dr osemu with his herbal root herbs medicine. while i don’t have much to say but to give thanks and praise to God almighty who use Sir Dr osemu to extend my life for what you have done for me DR, i will not stop thanking you because you put a smile on my face again.thanks once again if you are into similar problem or with any kind of diseases you can contact Sir Dr osemu on his mail drosemuspellcaster@gmail.com or call him or whatsapp on +2349073889037 and i will not stop thanking you DR osemu for what you have done for me in my life, i will keep posting to the world for them to no that you are in existence , thanks for your audience and i hope you find help like i did for what he has done for me, if you are into similar problem like HERPES,HEPATITIS B,CANCER,DIABETICS.do not wast time to contact him now his WhatsApp +2349073889037 and his email drosemuspellcaster@gmail.com

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7 months ago

Hello everyone, i am here today on this forum giving a life testimony on how I was cured from HIV Virus
while this may sound discouraging and people may not be-live that HIV CURE has be found,while i was once an HIV positive i live with this disease for more than years now, i have been to so many places for help including hospitals wasted money and times hoping that i was going to get cure but nor was able, until God use someone to cure me from this disease (HIV) true the help of a man called Dr osemu with his herbal root herbs medicine. while i don’t have much to say but to give thanks and praise to God almighty who use Sir Dr osemu to extend my life for what you have done for me DR, i will not stop thanking you because you put a smile on my face again.thanks once again if you are into similar problem or with any kind of diseases you can contact Sir Dr osemu on his mail drosemuspellcaster@gmail.com or call him or whatsapp on +2349073889037 and i will not stop thanking you DR osemu for what you have done for me in my life, i will keep posting to the world for them to no that you are in existence , thanks for your audience and i hope you find help like i did for what he has done for me, if you are into similar problem like HERPES,HEPATITIS B,CANCER,DIABETICS.do not wast time to contact him now his WhatsApp +2349073889037 and his email drosemuspellcaster@gmail.com

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7 months ago

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7 months ago

Hello everyone, my name is Jane Gaicer. I'm actually happy to share to the world this wonderful experience with Dr. Osojo's herbs. I want to tell the whole world that Dr. Osojo's cure for herpes is real and guaranteed to cure the horrible infections. Few weeks ago I contacted him (Dr. Osojo on WhatsApp: +2348100663964 ) for Herpes 2 Virus cure, he sent me the herbal medicine and now I’m totally herpes free since i took the remedy as he directed me for just 3 weeks. If you need his help on this same issue, be sure to contact him on or Email: dr.osojoherbalcureofalldisease@gmail.com or www.drosojo.blogspot.com

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9 months ago

I never thought i would be HIV negative again after been diagnosed in 2015, i have tried everything possible in life from one doctor to another, one hospital to another, series of tests, different kinds of medication, i had already lost hope until i meet Great Dr. OSAGIE online testimonies, a specialist in herbal medication from Africa, i contacted him (drosagiesolutiontemple@gmail.com OR
DROSAGIESOULTIONTEMPLE@YAHOO.COM) and he prepared HIV herbal medication for me which i took for 7days and now i am completely cured. i want to use this medium to express my gratitude to him for saving my life and curing me from HIV, for taking away all my pains and sorrows, I''m indeed grateful and i am so happy I''m now HIV negative. i will continue to tell the good news of your great works to everyone, if you have HIV or other disease contact him, Email: his email: (drosagiesolutiontemple@gmail.com OR
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Dr OSAGIE CAN AS WELL CURE THE FOLLOWING DISEASE:-
HIV/AIDS
HERPES
CANCER
ALS
STD
HEPATITIS B
VAGINAL ODOR

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10 months ago

I was diagnosed of Herpes in 2014 and I have tried all possible means to get the cure but all to no avail, until i saw a post in a health forum about a Herbal Doctor(Dr Aloha) who prepares
herbal medicine to cure all kind of diseases including Herpes,at first i doubted if it was real but decided to give it a try,when i contacted Dr Aloha through his Email: Alohaherbalhome@gmail.com he guided me and prepared a herbal medicine and sent it to me via courier Delivery service,when i received the package (herbal medicine) He gave me instructions on how to consume it,i started using it as instructed and i stooped getting outbreaks and the sores started vanishing,could you believe i was cured of this deadly virus within 10-14 days of using this REMEDY, couldn't believe the healing at first until i went for a check-up,indeed i was tested negative to HERPES.Contact this great herbal Doctor today via Email: Alohaherbalhome@gmail.com and get cured permanently. or Call/Text: +1(312) 361-5917

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10 months ago


My name is Rita Ruby. i live in Australia, and am married for 15years without conceiving or getting pregnant until the issue resolved to problem in my home, i was really worried and bothered because i don't want to loose my husband to another woman. i have went to hospital, the doctor told me that i cant get pregnant again i thought i have lost my husband and my marriage already.i decided to check the internet for updates on healthy living and i came across a story of a man of God who PROPHET JEREMIAH Trust helped his wife(Garry Linder) to conceive a baby. i decided to put a try because this has been my greatest problem in life.i contacted PROPHET Jeremiah. Trust via email and tell him my problem and he assured me that he will help me, he told me what to do which i did and today i am a proud mom with a son and daughter. Words will not be enough to explained what this man did for me.i know there is someone in this same condition and you feel there is no way. i urge you to contact prophet Jeremiah so that him can payer for you .Tust now i have giving birth to twins a boy and a girl. and my husband now love me more than before. if you are in need to get pregnant or you need your xe back or you want to win lottery, contact him through his via email prophetmercyland@gmail.com or watch him television marcylandtv com .

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almost 2 years ago

My problem with herpes has caused me many traumas, especially in my sex life.
I was so afraid of infecting my boyfriend, I suffered the embarrassment
of visiting dermatologists queries hundreds of times.
Unfortunately, they did not find a definitive solution to my problem.
The solution came from the least expected place. By reading in a specialised forum on the subject,
mentioned a method for eliminating herpes. Many people had tried, with excellent and quick results.
I had nothing to lose so I decided to use this method to eliminate my herpes.
spent six weeks using this method and my herpes completely disappeared.
I recommend this method to all people who want to eliminate the herpes from their body forever,
contact Alohaherbalhome@gmail.com

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about 2 years ago

I'm Success Puga from Los Angeles.Dr Ero herbal cure is 100% Guarantee percent sure to cure your HEPATITIS B,He is only person that i can boldly say he can cure any types of Disease.i was having HEPATITIS B for more than 5 year when i met Dr Ero online how on how he has cured so many people and how greatly he has helped many individuals online,so i contacted him and explained my situation to him and behold i was cure with his herbal medicine and now we are living happily, so to anyone issue on herpes challenges i advised that you contact dreroherbaltreatment@gmail.com he can also cure any disease such as HIV/AIDS HEPATITIS B,DIABETICS,CANCER,HERPES HE is the great herbalist man called Dr.Ero i must say a big thanks for curing my disease, i owe you in return. Thanks and be blessed sir.his Mobil number +2349077338035.

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about 2 years ago

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about 2 years ago

Hi,
My name is Sarah Anik, six months ago I had sex with the third guy in my life whom i was about to marry and now I have herpes. I couldn’t believe it because he wasn’t a random guy, he’s the closet guy I’ve had as a boyfriend, but it has been a never ending nightmare since. I’ve always believed in GOD and have asked him for forgiveness which is ironic.
I felt like killing myself with the taught of having a husband and family will be quite difficult and i felt like I’m not really in the room when people are talking. I didn’t know what to do and pretty much cry and pray every day to God for help and looking at my family with so much love and feeling that i have disappointed them even though they don’t know. Until God lead me to DR. SOLUTION online who promised to help me cure my disease through herbals. At first i didn't believe him, but to my greatest surprise i was cured completely by herbals, which medical doctor also verified that i was cured. Special thanks to DR. SOLUTION.
Don't be discourage because he that did it for me will also do it for you and you can contact him through his email address solutionhealinghome@gmail.com or call him on his cellphone number +2348077683109 or visit his website www.healinghome.webs.com for more information.

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about 3 years ago

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about 3 years ago

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