Other Free Encyclopedias » Marriage and Family Encyclopedia » Marriage: Cultural Aspects

Senegal - Entry Into Union, Endogamy, Polygamy, Impact Of Westernization

history marriage senegalese french law


Marriage patterns in contemporary Senegal derive from Islamic, Western, and local traditions. This situation, which has prevailed for centuries, results from secular borrowings from the Arab world and European colonizers. Senegal embraced Islam more than a thousand years ago, mainly through early contacts with traders from Northern Africa. The trans-Saharan trade did not survive French colonization, but its effects on the Senegalese society's religious landscape prevails to date. Although less than half of the Senegalese population was Muslim at the turn of the century, now more than 90 percent are. Scholars of Senegalese sociopolitical history recognize that the country's local social, political, and educational systems are at the crossroads of European and Islamic civilizations (Gellar 1995).

Before Senegalese independence from French colonization in 1961, marriage law followed an Islamicized Wolof custom—that is, a set of rules and regulations drawn from both Islamic law and local traditions. However, Senegalese with French citizenship were allowed to rely on French marriage law (Sow 1985). Customary and civil marriage still co-exist in Senegalese society, and neither is more valued than the other, although the educated elite is more likely to opt for the latter. These two forms of marriage differ mainly in that customary marriage does not require any registration through the official legal system, while civil marriage does. In addition, there are various forms of consensual unions that are often not considered as marital unions in official statistics. Current Senegalese marriage laws allow men to opt for either monogamy or polygamy, but the wife's consent is required. In either case, marriage is the only socially accepted context for sexual relations and procreation.

Current Senegalese marriage patterns reflect diverse influences. These shape the contours of entry into union and the prevalence of endogamous and polygamous marriages. However, Westernization, through rising levels of education, urbanization, and the diffusion of modern ideas, is likely to induce new forms of marriage that depart significantly from the prevailing ones.


Venezuela - Family, Society, And Culture, Excessive Motherhood, Living Together, Conclusion [next] [back] Ireland - Demographic Change, Family Change, Marriage, Single-parent Families, Children, Mothers And Employment

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

Thanks for mour information visit:
http://top3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
http://top3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://top3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-navi-mumbai/
http://top3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-thane/
http://top3th.co.in/

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

Thanks More for information Visit:
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon/
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-delhi/
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-noida/
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-chennai/
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-dwarka/
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-ghaziabad/
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-faridabad/

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago


Thanks for information The5th company top services for packing and moving services in India
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai.html

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

Thanks for More information Top 3th packing and moving services India
http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/
http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-noida/

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

Thanks for More information Export5th in packing moving services
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-mumbai/
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-hyderabad/
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-pune/
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-bangalore/

Vote down Vote up

about 8 hours ago

Praise the event of adoration with your cherished one and blessing them these awesome blessing rakhiinindia.in :-
http://www.rakhiinindia.in/
http://www.rakhiinindia.in/cake-delivery-in-bangalore.html
http://www.rakhiinindia.in/cake-delivery-in-bhubaneshwar.html
http://www.rakhiinindia.in/cake-delivery-in-chennai.html
http://www.rakhiinindia.in/cake-delivery-in-hyderabad.html

Vote down Vote up

7 months ago



Packers and Movers in Mumbai
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai.html
Packers and Movers Pune
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-pune.html

Vote down Vote up

7 months ago


Packers and Movers in Delhi
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-delhi.html
Packers and Movers in Gurgaon
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon.html
Packers and Movers in Noida
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-noida.html

Vote down Vote up

7 months ago



Packers and Movers in Hyderabad
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad.html
Packers and Movers in Bangalore
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore.html

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

http://www.the5th.in/
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad.html

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

http://www.adword.co.in/
packers and movers bangalore or http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
packers and movers hyderabad or http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/

packers and movers delhi or http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
packers and movers gurgaon or http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/

packers and movers mumbai or http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
packers and movers pune or http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-pune/