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Romania - Political, Social, And Economic Setting, Family Evolution, Family Structure, Family Values, Conclusion

history percent romanian population


Located in southeastern Europe between the Carpathian Mountains, the Danube River, and the Black Sea, Romania has a population of 22.5 million, with 90 percent identifying themselves as Romanian, 7 percent as Hungarian, and 3 percent as belonging to other ethnic groups (NIS 2001). Romanians are proud of their two-thousand-year history. The formation of Romanian language began in the year 100 C.E. when the Roman Empire conquered the local population, the Geto-Dacians, establishing a province covering much of the current Romanian territory. Following hundreds of years of foreign influence and organization in smaller principates, present-day Romania took shape in two stages by the union of Moldavia and Wallachia Provinces (1859) and Transylvania (1918).


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over 4 years ago

A BRIEF HISTORY OF ROMANIA

Spiess is clearly a German name, but it is not apparent to me what part of Germany our line originates from. The earliest Spiesses I have found were from Romania, although at the time our ancestors lived there, Romania was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and wasn’t granted independence until 1918.

According to Freeda Spiess McMahon’s bible, Frederich Spiess and Ecaterina (Kate) Trollenberg were married in Tulcea, Dobrudscha, Romania, and my grandfather, Wilhelmus (William) was also born there, as stated in his service records. Fred’s mother, Anna Putz Spiess was born in Bukowina, Austria; now split between Romania, Ukraine and Moldova. So you see, research is difficult because many of the towns and place names are either changed, or no longer exist!

The eighteen and nineteenth centuries saw a lot of Germanic emigration into Eastern Europe. Germans came from three distinct areas: Swabians and Palatines, from what is now Baden-Württemberg and Rheinland-Pfalz, in southwest Germany; German Bohemians, from the Bohemian Forest (Böhmerwald), now in the Czech Republic; and Zipsers, from the Zips mountains, now Spis county, Slovakia. Part of this emigration was to Hungary where the 150-year Turkish occupation was gradually ended around 1700 and the Austrian emperors encouraged settlers of many nationalities to make empty villages productive again. The other part of the German expansion into Russia and outlying areas of Romania was at the end of the 1700s as a result of a general increase in European population.

After its defeat by Prussia in 1867, the Austrian Empire was reorganized as the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary and Translyvania was incorporated into Hungary, against the will of the Romanians, who formed over seventy percent of the population. Until 1918, the history of Transylvania was marked by the Romanian struggle for unification with the Romanian Kingdom. During this period, as a result of ethnic and economic repression, Romanians began to emigrate to the United States and Canada in search of economic opportunity and political liberty.