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Nigeria - Marriages In Nigeria

single parent family history bride family husband wife

Two major types of marriage exist in Nigeria: monogamy, a marriage of one man to one woman, and polygyny, a marriage of one man to two or more wives. In most cultural groups in Nigeria, traditional marriage is usually an arrangement between two families as opposed to an arrangement between two individuals. Accordingly, there is pressure on the bride and bridegroom to make the marriage work as any problem will usually affect both families and strain the otherwise cordial relationship between them. In most Nigerian cultures, the man usually pays the dowry or bride-price and is thus considered the head of the family. Adultery is acceptable for men, but forbidden for women. Marriage ceremonies vary among Nigerian cultures.

Idoma marriage. The Idoma people live in central Nigeria, in the Benue State. The myth of their origin states that they are descended from the Zulu tribe of South Africa. They are mainly warriors. Some of their subgroups are the Adors, Otupas, Ogbanibos, Apas, Ofokanus and Owukpas. Marriage in Idoma land is considered a lifelong state, although divorce is possible on the grounds of A Nigerian bride and groom at their wedding ceremony.In most cultural groups in Nigeria, traditional marriage is an arrangement between two families rather than an arrangement between two individuals. KERSTIN GEIER/CORBIS adultery or other concrete reasons. When an Idoma man is at least twenty-five years old and has the financial and physical capacity to maintain a wife and children, he searches for and finds a woman of his choice, who is at least eighteen years old. He reports his findings to his family, which then chooses a go-between, a person who is familiar with the girl's family. The go-between investigates the family of the prospective bride to ascertain that the family has no history of mental disease, epilepsy, or similar problems. If the result of this investigation is positive, the prospective groom's family visits the woman's family with gifts of kola nut and hot drinks. After the first visit, another visit is scheduled for the woman to meet her future husband, after which a final visit is scheduled for the future groom and his family to pay the bride-price and offer other gifts. If the woman refuses to marry the man after these gifts have been provided, the groom's family keeps them (Omokhodion 1998).

On the wedding day, in addition to the bride-price, the groom must pay a dowry first to the bride's mother and then another dowry to the father; this involves a significant amount of bargaining. Also every member of the bride's mother's family must be given money, with the groom's family determining the amount. The bride's age group and her more distant relatives also are given money, with the amount varying with level of the bride's education and productivity. Then the groom's family gives the bride a rooster and some money. If she accepts these gifts and gives them to her mother, she indicates her acceptance of the groom, but if she refuses, she signifies her refusal. If she accepts him, she is showered with gifts and money, and the two families eat and drink together. Before the bride is finally handed over to her husband, however, her age group will pose as a mock barrier to those who want to take her and extort money from the anxious groom's family. The bride's mother buys her cooking utensils and food because she is not expected to go to the market for the first five market days after her marriage. At the end of the eating and drinking, the wife is finally handed over to her husband's family. (Omokhodion 1998).

Ideally the bride should be a virgin at marriage, which brings pride and joy to her family. If she is found not to be a virgin, she is taken to the husband's family' ancestral shrine for cleansing. After this the Ije is put on her to invoke fertility on her. This marks the beginning of married life among the Idoma tribe.

Marriage in Okrika land. Okrika is located in the eastern part of the Niger Delta of Nigeria, in the Rivers State. The Okrika clan is made up of nine major towns and more than fifteen villages.The fifteen villages are known as Iwoama (new towns). Okrika is the largest town with the largest population and is the administrative and traditional headquarters of the clan. In the Wakirike area, there are two main types of marriages—the Ya or Iyaye and the Igwa.

The Ya marriage ceremony involves certain customary functions that precede the consummation of the marriage. Here the bride and groom must come from the same tribe. When the husband is ready, members of the family assemble for the essential marriage rites, including the tying of the knot. The man is required to produce three to five pieces of kano cloth or Ikpo, one piece of real India cloth, or injiri, four yards of raffia palm cloth sewn together (okuru), and another separate yard of the same material. If the husband is wealthy, he adds additional kinds of cloth. He also provides three or four large pots of palm wine and twenty-two or twenty-four manila. These offerings are placed in the shrine of the family ancestors, and an elderly person in the family takes up the single yard of raffia cloth and ties the knot. The husband and wife stand before the shrine, side by side. The elder then ties the raffia cloth round the waist of the wife seven times, each time uttering some words that invoke blessings on the couple. Palm wine is poured into a drinking cup, and the bride and groom drink from it simultaneously. The knot has thus been tied, and divorce becomes virtually impossible. The single yard of raffia cloth is the essential thing to make the marriage binding. In case of unavoidable divorce as aresult of adultery on the woman's part, the parents of the wife are bound to return double the cumulative expenses of the husband (Ikiriko 1984).

The second system, Igwa, means mixed; the woman and the man may marry even though they are from different families. A woman married under the Ya system can be married under Igwa if the Ya husband is not living with her as husband and wife under the same roof. All offspring of this second marriage belong not to the biological father but to the Ya husband, who by custom is regarded as their legal father. If the woman has not been previously married to any man under the Ya system, children from the Igwa marriage belong either to the lawful husband of the wife's mother or to her brothers. However, the once unchangeable custom of the possession of children born under the Igwa system of marriage is relaxing under the pressure of modern times. Many adult men and young people engage in Igwa marriage if their previous marriage produced no children (Omokhodion 1998).

Marriage among the Ibos. The Ibos are a very class-conscious group. They have a caste system and encourage endogamy. In the Ibo society, the castes include the Nwadiani, who are the upper caste of freeborn and land owners, and the Osu, who are the lower caste and descendants of former slaves. In the past, the Osu were used in human sacrifices. (Though the Osus are no longer slaves, yet they are still discriminated against by the free-born, who will usually oppose any of their children marrying an Osu.)

Within the Nwadiani are three groups:

  1. The freeborn, who are able to trace their lineage to the founder of a segment of the community.
  2. The Omoru, whose ancestors came from elsewhere to settle and become attached to the founder of the community. Their descendants are accepted as full members of the village or town because of their freeborn status in their place of origin.
  3. The descendants of the autonomous groups who lived in the area before the founders of the state arrived and incorporated them into the structure of the community, which they established.

Intermarriage among Nwadiani has united these three categories in a closely knit kinship system. All the lineages in the village were believed to have descended from one ancestor or the other. Kinship links were sometimes invoked to create special relationships with neighboring village groups or village. Owing to their close kinship ties, men had to find their wives outside the village. One kind of link is between villages and village groups. Villages in a group, as well as neighboring villages, were linked by bonds forged by marriage alliances.

Endogamous marriage seemed to have served to perpetuate the Osu status, which is inferior. At Oguta, Osomari, Onitsha, and Abo, Osu could only marry an Osu because of their outcast status. They are thus despised by the freeborn. This discrimination was carried further at Osamari where the Osu class had their exclusive residential quarters (ebo) in each division. This also gave the servile quarters a sense of corporate solidarity in opposition to the "Freeborn" quarters. Through the intermarriage between members of different Ogbe, Ebo and the Osu of a community they have developed a web of kinship similar to that, which characterizes the Nwadiani. However, permitted intermarriage between Osu and Nwadianins and children born of such mixed marriages are allowed to have the status of Nwadiani. (Note that though this caste system is historical, the descendants of these castes have inherited their ancestors' classes and are therefore stratified along that line even today.)

Marriage ceremonies in traditional Ibo society are elaborate affairs celebrated with much fanfare and merriment. The couple must have had some period of courtship during which the prospective groom informs his parents of his intention to take a woman of a certain village as wife. The parent of his intended wife must be known to his parents, and the courtship requires the prospective bride to pay at least one courtesy call on her potential inlaws to enable them to get to know her. After getting acquainted with the woman, the parents of the bridegroom will give their approval if they are satisfied that their prospective daughter-in-law has an unblemished reputation. Such courtships usually become public knowledge. The day of the marriage must be mutually agreed upon by both families (Omokhodion 1998).

On the day of marriage, the bride proceeds to her future spouse's village, accompanied by her mother, many girls of her own age, and her mother's female friends. An Ibo bride may also carry with her a "bride's dowry," which usually consists of kitchen utensils, mortar, palm oil, cassava, locust beans, and other condiments. The bride's dowry is usually contributed by her parents, their friends, and her own friends. The bridegroom and the two families, including friends and well-wishers, sit in their compound to eagerly await the arrival of the bride. When she comes, several young, unmarried women of the host village attend to her as a sign of welcome. An Ibo bride is usually colorfully decorated and given a beauty mark and other embellishments to set her apart. Jigida, which are waist beads of different colors (as many as fifteen or eighteen), adorn her waist. The young women dance in a circle around her, while her future husband and in-laws occasionally break through the circle one or two at a time and stick money on her forehead. As the money falls to the ground, one of the young women picks it up for her. As she dances, the jigida that covers her waist and the upper part of her buttocks jingle. After the feasting, the mother and others from her village return home, while the bride remains in her husband's village.

Marriage in the Hausa culture. The Hausas live in northern Nigeria. They are also found in Ghana, Togo, and Benin. The Hausas generally attach great importance to premarital chastity. A Hausa husband who discovers that the girl he has married is not a virgin will proclaim her shame to the entire town by breaking a pot outside his house. Among most Fulani, and other subtribes of the Hausa, custom forbids sexual intercourse between young people who are betrothed. Other tribes, however, view premarital intercourse as a kind of trial marriage. The Piri suitor cohabits with his fiancée for a period of four months in her mother's compound. Some of them may bear children before marriage, depending on the length of courtship. The young men are usually happy to marry these young mothers. Among tribes who accept premarital sex, no stigma is attached to the young woman girl who bears a child before marriage. The child is claimed by the girl's family, except where the father of the child is the girl's betrothed and has paid the bride-price in full. Kona boys and girls who are betrothed may cohabit. If the girl conceives, the boy has to make additional payments to her father, presumably on the ground that her fertility has been proven.

Some tribes practice the custom of placing young women under the care of their betrothed before they reach marriageable age; this is common among the Kona, Margi, Mumuye, and Mumbake, as well as the Mosi tribe. The objective appears to be twofold (Omokhodion 1996, 1998). First, the responsibility for the girl's upbringing and chastity is thrown on the fiancé's family, and second, the appropriation of the girl by her betrothed is clearly signified. As a result of pre-nuptial relations, a man can repudiate his betrothal at any time without the payment of damages in Hausaland.

Types of marriages in Hausaland. The Hausas practice various kinds of marriage. They include junior levirate marriage, whereby a younger brother may marry his late senior brother's wife or wives, and sororate marriage, whereby a man may marry his late wife's sister. Other types of marriage in Hausaland include cousin marriage known as auren zumunta, whereby a man or woman may marry anyone from a second cousin onward. Polygyny is also very popular, while many of the women, especially among the Muslims, are kept in the harems. The Hausas also practice a special type of polyandry that is a counterpart of concubinage. Among the Fulani pagan nomads, "wife lending" to a husband's brother or son is regarded as an act of reciprocal hospitality. The Munshi, Amgula, Yergurn, Rukuba, and Lungu practice marriage by "wife abduction." Other types of marriages in Hausaland include "marriage by purchase" (women are seen as transferable property) and "marriage by exchange" (one man gives his sister or daughter to a friend for a wife in exchange for a wife for himself). Marriage can also be by "capture," in most cases with the girl's consent, or by elopement.

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about 3 years ago

Yoruba marriage is the best in Nigeria

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over 2 years ago

djddjd c cnjsmxmx

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over 3 years ago

very interesting, would love to know about Edo state and Estako precisely.then who foots the bills? the groom or bride. thanks

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over 2 years ago

Please I want to know more about the culture in Rivers State back in the days till present. Talking about marriages, live style, child birth etc.. Want 2 use it for my project in school.. Thank you.. Nice article!!!

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over 5 years ago

I found website helpful.The website saved me at work, thanks to u, thanks to this page too. its very helpful.

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over 2 years ago

It is a very wellgrounded tips on Marital Natures in the complex and multi cultural society like ours(Nigeria). This will give a proper guide for researchers interested in understanding marital institutions in Nigeria.

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over 3 years ago


Hello!

Good day.I need connections/links
of a young Nigerian ladies based
in abroad for a relationship that
lead us to a marriage.Any serious
lady based in abroad,let her email
me on;- kingswilliam50@yahoo.com

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about 6 years ago

I'm indeed very delighted to have found this .we are presently writing a term paper on the subject of marriages in Nigeria and this was a very good addition to what we have on ground.I'll make sure we include this in our upcoming university magazine as u guys keep doing ur very best.ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT,MADONNA UNIVERSITY.

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over 6 years ago

thaks for the provision of this material

its very useful as im trying to compile my project in my school. could you be more direct as its still very broad.

thanks alot anyway.matthias LEAD CITY UNIVERSITY ibadan

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over 3 years ago

find this article really interesting and enlightening.but i would also like it if you could include othe cultural marriages, particularly marriages in the cross rivers state ogoja state, as I have to make a presentation on it September 2010. i would keep checking this website for more information. keep up the good work!!!



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almost 5 years ago

Can you tell me which customary court would have jurisdiction over a marriage that took place in Oyo state of Nigeria? Would it be the customary court of Lagos state of Nigeria? I appreciate your assistance

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about 3 years ago

hi,

.I need connections/links

of a young Nigerian ladies based

in abroad for a relationship that

lead us to a marriage.Any serious

lady based in abroad,let her email

me on;- osmankargbo@ymail.com



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almost 4 years ago

My fiance Osamwonyi Oshodin wants to take me to Nigeria and marry me there,if i do will my marriage be known here in Ohio? How can i find out if he's married in Nigeria? He's telling me men are no longer allowed to have more than one wife.

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about 4 years ago

will a marriage between two different state workout out well? most marriages don't work out well at times.

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over 2 years ago

l really enjoyed this information its really good but l hope to get more information about African tradition to help me in my thesis think you very much

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over 2 years ago

looking for a generous girl to marry

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almost 5 years ago

thanks for such a site i found it so educating and s research area for some of us who never knew about our ways of tradition

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over 2 years ago

djddjd c cnjsmxmx

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over 3 years ago


Hello!

Good day.I need connections/links
of a young Nigerian ladies based
in abroad for a relationship that
lead us to a marriage.Any serious
lady based in abroad,let her email
me on;- kingswilliam50@yahoo.com

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

pls is cousin marriage a taboo or abomination in south-west, nigeria

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over 2 years ago

Please I want to know more about the culture in Rivers State back in the days till present. Talking about marriages, live style, child birth etc.. Want 2 use it for my project in school.. Thank you.. Nice article!!!

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over 3 years ago

i want to know if a man from nigeria marries a woman from the united states is the marriage honored in nigeria;and how do you find out if a nigerian man is married. And are they still allowed to take more than one wife.

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about 2 years ago

Colour, tribe, language and nationaly should not be primary things to consider in marriage but understanding,love,tolerance and patience.



For more info pls see



www.singlesandmarriedlife.com

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over 2 years ago

Why do Nigerians still stigmatise women with babies before marriage in this civilized time we in? that's like outcasting the poor women.

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over 2 years ago

Please I want to know more about the culture in Rivers State back in the days till present. Talking about marriages, live style, child birth etc.. Want 2 use it for my project in school.. Thank you.. Nice article!!!

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Please I want to know more about the culture in Rivers State back in the days till present. Talking about marriages, live style, child birth etc.. Want 2 use it for my project in school.. Thank you.. Nice article!!!

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Please I want to know more about the culture in Rivers State back in the days till present. Talking about marriages, live style, child birth etc.. Want 2 use it for my project in school.. Thank you.. Nice article!!!

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Please I want to know more about the culture in Rivers State back in the days till present. Talking about marriages, live style, child birth etc.. Want 2 use it for my project in school.. Thank you.. Nice article!!!

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about 3 years ago

you got the igbo marriage upside down: - it is the groom that goes with his people to the bride's father's compound in the village, on the wedding day {igba nkwu nwanyi: that is the wine carrying}.

Also the bride's dowry is paid by the husband's family, and though most times merely symbolic, it is the hallmark of the ocassion-it has nothing to do with food, or cooking utenails!...although i will not be discussing it here, because it is a private matter.

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about 3 years ago

I want to say a big well done on this job.pls kindly do more on yoruba cultural marriage too

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about 3 years ago

Please i want to know who own the children in Nigeria law, whether it is the father or the mother, where it is stated in the law and the body that has jurisdiction over such mater. thanks.

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over 3 years ago

I am an idoma and i find the writing about the idoma marriage on your page very unrealistic, it is like the research was written without contacting the ethnic groups invovled, thus, misleading many peoples who many not be at breast with the norms of marriage here in africa. please do a more matured research about african marriage systems before many will think that, that is the system. thank you. okpainya major

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over 5 years ago

I think i really enjoyed this article, i wish the marriages in Rivers state should not be generalized. Different ethnic groups make up Rivers State at such, the marriage policy varies.

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over 5 years ago

i found your website very helpful when i needed urgently thanks alot for this writeup. i say a BIG! welldone for the pain taking before its come to reality. indeed you are blessing to us who need this page.

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over 5 years ago

This was a very good artical,it was interesting to read but i would say that it could be explained in a way that a late key stage 2/early key stage 3 (ages 10-12 years)could understand it better.

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over 5 years ago

I found your write up very useful when I needed good material on marriages in Nigeria. Thanks alot and God bless as you aspire to write more for public enlightenment. Bravo!

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almost 6 years ago

thanks a lot,very useful material

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about 6 years ago

i find this article really interesting and enlightening.but i would also like it if you could include othe cultural marriages, particularly marriages in the Ibibio community of Akwa ibom state, as I have to make a presentation on it September 2008. i would keep checking this website for more information. keep up the good work!!!

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about 6 years ago

I find this article very interesting because i was able to write my term paper beased on the information about Negerian marriages and their culture. 4/08

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about 6 years ago

thanks a lot actually had to spend a couple of hours looking for the right site that provided information on traditional marriages in nigeria.............really kudos

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about 6 years ago

am glad i found this link. u guys are doing a great job.we have a segment in our magazine called marriage and traditions where we research and publish various tribes and their tradtions towards marriage. the purpose is to enlighten our youth in nigeria and non nigerians on how rich tradional marriages are in nigeria. it will be a great pleasure to feature any of your latest research in our susequent edition.thanks

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over 6 years ago

thanks for the text it has helped me in writting my project at uniilorin, but i will like to have more on hausa marriage

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over 6 years ago

I am interested in finding out some information regarding a tribe in Nairobi. They fatten their women for one year before they are allowed to marry. Does this sound familiar? I am looking to research this for an anthropology

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about 7 years ago

your page is quite interesting but i think you should include marriages in other cultures as well. i am particularly interested in reading marriage in the Tiv culture from your page very soon.

thank you.

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over 3 years ago

Thanks for taking a step to do this, is really interesting and helpful, but regarding hausa of today's world, as far as northern Nigeria is concern is not pertinent to your article. I wish i can help, never the less go to main cities of hausas or ask any body from there, perhaps you are talking of hausa in 30 years back or critical fulani settlement of those days.
Thank you

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over 6 years ago

in am inquiring about nijerian tribes and their lives in the US. (example)they a living in the US but the dicide to take a wife in nijeria. so the ofter come back and resume the live in the US (example) relationships with other women until the return back to nijeria. are the often poligomist or monogomist??? please help

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about 4 years ago

Is it really appropriate for a yoruba girl to marry an igbo boy?

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almost 5 years ago

I would like to know: I was married in Nigeria on 02/04/09 at OSHODI/ISOLO LOCAL GOVERNMENT.

I am residing in UK now will my marraige be known in this country?

being the United Kingdom

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over 2 years ago

l really enjoyed this information its really good but l hope to get more information about African tradition to help me in my thesis think you very much

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23 days ago

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about 1 month ago

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5 months ago

A GREAT SPELL CASTER THAT SOLVE MY PROBLEMS.
Hello i am John Kelvin,I am out here to spreed this good news to the entire world on how i got my ex love back.I was going crazy when my love left me for another boy last month,But when i meet a friend that introduce me to GREAT HERCULES the great messenger to the oracle that he serve,I narrated my problem to GREAT HERCLES about how my ex love left me and also how i needed to get a job in a very big company.He only said to me that i have come to the right place were i will be getting my heart desire without any side effect.He told me what i need to do,After it was been done,In the next 2 days,My love called me on the phone and was saying sorry for living me before now and also in the next one week after my love called me to be pleading for forgiveness,I was called for interview in my desired company were i needed to work as the managing director. I am so happy and overwhelmed that i have to tell this to the entire world on how GREAT HERCLES help me grant my heart dsire. If you need any kind of help contact GREAT HERCULES at the following email address: greatherculesspelltemple@gmail.com and get all your problem solve. No problem is too big for him to solve. Contact him direct on: greatherculesspelltemple@gmail.com and get your problems solve like me.

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5 months ago

My Name is jilliana, From Mexico. I wish to share my testimonies with the general public about what this odsun spiritual temple has just done for me , this spiritual temple has just brought back my lost Ex husband to me with a great spell, I was married to this man called Steven melody we were together for a long time and we loved our self’s but when I was unable to give him a child after 4 years he left me and told me he can’t continue anymore then I was now looking for ways to bring him back and at the same time have a child of my own until l come across odsun spiritual temple, when I contacted this spiritual temple and told them my problem and my heart desire a man called Herbart who is the chief prince of this very temple prepared herb for me so i will be fertile and then he cast a spell on my lost husband and bring him back home, after one month i was so lazy and weak so my husband advice we visit our doctor for check up i was redundant after some days i started having pain all over my body. so we actually went to see our family doctor for the check up and after the lab test doctor clark came out and was smiling and the result stated am pregnant i was so happy and i saw tiers of joy flowing trough my husband eye today am a mother of two basing baby boys, this was why i promised to always keep testifying about this spiritual temple thank you once again the great odsun and the chief prince Herbart for what you have done for me, if you are out there passing through any problem and you want help quickly contact:odsunspelltemple@gmail.com. for more information email me on this: mrsjulliana@gmail.com.

they are so help full and powerful..

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5 months ago


My name is Banks Diana i am the most excited person on earth today because few minute ago my fiance called me on phone begging me to accept him back and forgive him for the wrong he did to me in the past. i loved him so much but he failed to release it and went on cheating on me till the day i cut him on bed with my best friend. hmm it was really painful so i broke up with him but just yesterday morning i saw some testimonies on Google of how Doctor PALOMA used his powerful spell to restore a broken relationship so i contact palomaspelltemple@yahoo.com through his email to also seek his help because i was in pain and i still love my fiance but all he said was don't worry i will help you with your case though i never believed him because i was scam before by other spell caster but i just tough of giving him a try and now i can boldly say that Doctor PALOMA is a great spell caster who cast spell excellently with prove because he restored my broken relationship just the same way i read about him on the internet. My dear friends reading this now, do you need help of any kind then Contact Doctor PALOMA today to help you just as he helped me via email:palomaspelltemple@yahoo.com

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5 months ago


My name is Banks Diana i am the most excited person on earth today because few minute ago my fiance called me on phone begging me to accept him back and forgive him for the wrong he did to me in the past. i loved him so much but he failed to release it and went on cheating on me till the day i cut him on bed with my best friend. hmm it was really painful so i broke up with him but just yesterday morning i saw some testimonies on Google of how Doctor PALOMA used his powerful spell to restore a broken relationship so i contact palomaspelltemple@yahoo.com through his email to also seek his help because i was in pain and i still love my fiance but all he said was don't worry i will help you with your case though i never believed him because i was scam before by other spell caster but i just tough of giving him a try and now i can boldly say that Doctor PALOMA is a great spell caster who cast spell excellently with prove because he restored my broken relationship just the same way i read about him on the internet. My dear friends reading this now, do you need help of any kind then Contact Doctor PALOMA today to help you just as he helped me via email:palomaspelltemple@yahoo.com

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6 months ago

i from USA i want to share my testimony with the world and also thank a great man called dr malawi racum for bringing joy into my life. it started like this,i hard a true lover celled James brown who promised to love and marry me,we both lived peacefully. one day he met a girl celled Betty and he loved her very much and decided to follow her living me behind,i tried all my effort to make him come back to me but he still decided to be with her.one day i saw an old friend of mine that told me about a great man celled dr malawi racum by name and i said let i give it a try and i contacted him, he told me what i am to do and i did exactly as he said, before the next 48 hours my ex lover came back to me if you need the help of this great man you can reach him on his email address SPELLOFSOLUTIONTEMPLE@GMAIL.COM or contact his cell phone number +234807237128

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6 months ago


I am Mrs Matilda Morgan from USA, i want to share a testimony of my life to every one. i was married to my husband George Morgan, i love him so much we have been married for 5 years now with two kids. when he went for a vacation to France he meant a lady called Clara who encharm him with his beauty, he told me that he is no longer interested in the marriage any more. i was so confuse and seeking for help, i don't know what to do until I met my friend miss mccart and told her about my problem. she told me not to worry about it that she had a similar problem before and introduce me to a man called Dr. who cast a spell on her ex and bring him back to her after 3days. Miss MCCART ask me to contact Dr. I contacted him to help me bring back my husband and he ask me not to worry about it that the gods of his fore-fathers will fight for me. He told me by three days he will re-unite me and my husband together. After three day my husband called and told me he is coming back to sought out things with me, I was surprise when I saw him and he started crying for forgiveness and that he never knew what came upon him that he will never leave me again or the kids.it was the that was casted on him that was working on him. Right now I am the happiest woman on earth for what this great spell caster did for me and my husband, you can contact Dr.minsheal on any problem in this world, he is very nice, here is his contact supremespellcaster@gmail.com He is the best spell caster.

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7 months ago


Hi my name is Michell am from Australia with this tears joy and happiness in my heart i want to say thanks to this great man DR ABULU of abuluspiritualtemple@yahoo.com for what him has done for me , This is my story i was 24 years old when i married my husband and we were both living together happily no fighting . but i was not comfortable with this married because after 4 years of our married i have not be able to give my husband a child doctors reveal we are capable of bearing children but we have no child to call ourchild so i was worry thinking of what to do so i can be able to give birth. inside all my thinking for a solution for my problems my husbands families came and they accuse me for been a barring women so i have to leave their son alone so i was been push out of my husband house so i went crying looking for a solution to my problems because i love my husband very much and don’t want to loose to another woman so all my mind think is him so i cry all nite to get back with him . one Friday evening when browsing i came across a testimony shared by miss Viviana how this DR ABULU helped her solved a similar problems so i decided to contact this man about my own problems and to my best surprise he also help me out and to day am happy not only because am with the man i loved but still because of i now have a child of my own .so for all this help from you DR ABULU of abuluspiritualtemple@yahoo.com i want to say thank you once again so friends if you know you are
into such or any kind of problem contact this man and i guess he will also help you out good bye

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8 months ago

HI My Name is Jennifer , I wish to share my testimonies with the general public about what this man called dr ABULU of( abuluspiritualtemple@yahoo.com has just done for me , this man has just brought back my lost family to me with his great spell, I was married to this man called James we were together for a long time and we loved our self’s but when I was unable to give he a child for 2 years he left me and told me he can’t continue anymore then I was now looking for ways to get he back until a friend of mine told me about this man and gave his contact email abuluspiritualtemple@yahoo.com) then you wont believe this when I contacted this man on my problems he prepared this spell cast and bring my lost husband back and after a month I miss my month and go for a test and the result stated am pregnant am happy today am a mother a baby girl, thank you once again the great ABULU for what you have done for me, if you are out there passing through this same kind of problems you can contact he today on his mail (abuluspiritualtemple@yahoo.com or his website, http://abuluspiritualtemple.webs.com and he will also help you as well.

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12 months ago





I was skeptic of spells at first, i can honestly say i was scammed a couple of time until i found mukumukushrine@gmail.com. The love spell worked amazingly for me my husband was back with the same way he promise me that it will happen. I have refered him to all my friends.. Thanks to mukumukushrine@gmail.com for everything you had done for me..

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over 1 year ago

Hello,

what is the Divorce rate in Nigeria and Lagos as well?