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Assisted Reproductive Technologies - Basic Art Procedures, Variations On The Procedures, Medical Risks Of Arts, Ethical And Religious Perspectives On Arts - Conclusion

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The term assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) refers to a variety of procedures that enable people to reproduce without engaging in genital intercourse. Most people who use ARTs do so because they are infertile and other methods of treating their infertility have proven unsuccessful. Some people without fertility problems also use ARTs to minimize the risk of transmitting certain genetic disorders or to reproduce without a partner of the opposite sex.

ARTs have helped numerous individuals overcome physiological or social barriers to reproduction that, in previous generations, would have made it impossible for them to have children. At the same time, they have generated significant ethical, religious, and legal issues about which no societal consensus yet exists. As developments in ARTs continue to proceed, the challenge will be to promote the beneficial use of technology while minimizing the social harms.


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Other Resources

American Society for Reproductive Medicine. (2002). Ethical Considerations of Assisted Reproductive Technologies: ASRM Ethics Committee Reports and Statements. Available from www.asrm.org/Media/Ethics/ethicsmain.html.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2002). Assisted Reproductive Technology Reports. Available from www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/drh/art.htm.

Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority. (2001). HFEA Code of Practice. Available from www.hfea.gov.uk/frame.htm.


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over 8 years ago

Access to ARTs is still far from wide spread. Beyond the economic limitations on access to ARTs, doctors often deny individuals access to ARTs for a variety of reasons including disease and mental illness. Scholars have debated whether the Americans with Disabilities Act should step in and mandate access to ARTs for these individuals. For more information see http://jolt.unc.edu/blog/2008/08/27/ada-and-assisted-reproductive-technologies-there-workable-application